Brunswick Primary School

Enjoy, Exceed, Excel

Spellings Year 4
Based on Support for Spelling and the National Curriculum 2014 
Support for spelling is a fantastic programme which is available to view online and has some great ideas which support the teaching of spelling in schools.

 

Support for Spelling Objectives

NC 2014 links

Autumn Term 1

To distinguish between the spelling and meaning of Homophones.


2 word examples -
be/bee, knew/new, right/write, through/threw, whole/hole, are/our, sea/see, here/hear, flower/flour


3 word examples – were/where/we’re, their/there/they’re, to/too/two.

Key Words
hear/here,

history, grammar, century, increase, pressure, position, naughty, notice

Statutory expectations to cover
Homophones and near-homophones
New NC with examples

accept/except, affect/effect, ball/bawl, berry/bury, brake/break, fair/fare, grate/great, groan/grown, heel/heal/he’ll, knot/not, mail/male, main/mane, meat/meet, medal/meddle, missed/mist, peace/piece, plain/plane, rain/rein/reign, scene/seen, weather/whether, whose/who’s

 

NB. Homophones are words which sound the same but are spelt differently.

 

Autumn Term 2

 

To investigate collect and classify spelling patterns relating to the formation of plurals.                         OUT

Key Words                               describe

breathe, breath, calendar, forward(s), height, promise, straight, remember

Statutory expectations to cover Use of the French ‘gue’ and ‘que’                 New NC with examples               League, tongue, antique, unique

Statutory expectations to cover Use of the Latin words where the ‘s’ sound is spelt ‘sc’                                       New NC with examples               Science, scene, discipline, fascinate, crescent, scent.

Statutory expectations to cover Words with –sure or – ture endings               New NC with examples               Measure, treasure, pleasure, enclosure, creatures, furniture, picture, nature, adventure.

   

NB. Beware words which sound similar but have (t)ch endings (eg. teacher,   catcher, richer, stretcher)

Spring 1

To investigate and learn to spell words with common letter strings.             OUT

Key Words                             accident(ally), occasion(ally), centre, difficult, mention, ordinary, purpose, special, extreme

Statutory expectations to cover Use of the letter string ‘ch’                           New NC with examples                     Greek - scheme, chorus, chemist, echo, character French – chef, chalet, machine, brochure

   

NB. ‘ch’ – with greek origin sounds ‘c’ whereas if they have French origin sounds ‘sh’

Spring 2

To understand how suffixes change the function of words.                   OUT

Key Words

Famous, various


Busy/business, certain, experience, fruit, guard, guide, interest


Statutory expectations to cover
Use of the suffix -ous
New NC with examples
Obvious root – poisonous, dangerous, mountainous, famous, various. 

No obvious root – tremendous, enormous, jealous.                         Ending in ‘our’ – humorous, glamorous, vigorous,                                         Keeping the final ‘e’ – courageous, outrageous,                                       Further examples – serious, obvious, curious, hideous, spontaneous, courteous.

   

NB – Usual rules apply for obvious root words.

Rule - If word ends in ‘our’ it is changed to ‘or’ before ‘ous’ is added.
Rule – The final ‘e’ of the root word must be kept if the ‘g’ sound of ‘g’ is to be kept.

Summer 1

To understand the use of the apostrophe in contracted forms of words.                                             Word examples                               don’t, aren’t, can’t, hadn’t, doesn’t, couldn’t, I’d (for I had and I would), you’re, they’re, I’ve, you’ll, I’ll, he’ll, I’m, you’ve.

Key Words                                 Island, knowledge, medicine, possess/possession, strange, suppose,

Statutory expectations to cover Possessive form of apostrophe
New NC with examples
girls’, boys’, babies’, children’s, men’s, mice’s

 

NB. Rule – apostrophe replaces missing letters.

‘It’s’ meaning it is or has.
‘Its’ – is a possessive pronoun and is gender neutral and does NOT need an apostrophe when talking about an animal or an inanimate object. Often confused with the possessive form (eg. Jenna’s bike)
Uses - The cat licked its paws. The oak tree loses its leaves etc.

NB. Rule – The apostrophe is placed after the plural form of the word. ‘s’ is not added if the word already ends in ‘s’ but is added if it does not, as with many irregular verbs (eg. children) Rule – single proper nouns ending in ‘s’ do add an ‘s’ (eg. Cyprus’s population)

Summer 2

To revise and investigate links between meaning and spelling when using affixes. (Affixes – general term for prefixes or suffixes)

Auto – means self or own         Example words:                     Autograph, autobiography, automatic, automobile.

Key Words                                 Revise ALL words from the year

Statutory expectations to cover       Use of prefixes.                         ‘Auto’ and ‘Sub’                             New NC examples                   autograph, autobiography, subheading, subdivide, submerge, submarine. Statutory expectations to cover       Use of suffixes                                   -ation, - tion, - sion, -ssion, -cian -ation is added to verbs to form nouns (information, adoration, sensation, preparation, admiration)                      The following are strictly speaking –ion, but the root word determines their ending.                                              - tion used if the root words ends ‘t’ or –‘te’ (invention, injection, action, hesitation, completion)                        - sion – is used is the root word ends in ‘d’ or ‘se’ (expansion, extension, comprehension, tension, division, invasion, confusion, decision, collision,)    - ssion – is used if the root word ends in ‘ss’ or ‘mit’ (expression, discussion, confession, permission, admission)          - cian – is used if the root words ends in ‘c’ or ‘cs’ (musician, electrician, magician, politician, mathematician)

 

NB – Objective from support for spelling but the coverage of specific prefixes/ suffixes have changed to match new curriculum requirements. Overlap – auto                               Affix – the general term for a prefix or a suffix. It is placed at the beginning or end of a root work to change its meaning. It cannot stand alone

NB – For an extension you could also cover                                               - inter meaning between or among,     - anti means against,